Coronavirus also known as COVID-19 is a deadly disease. China alerted the WHO to cases of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan on December 31.
Research based, COVID-19 is thought to have originated in a seafood market where wildlife was sold illegally. On February 7, Chinese researchers said the Virus could have spread from an infectious animal to humans through illegally trafficked mandolins prized in Asia for food and medicine. It has since spread to other countries, to 70 locations internationally.
According to WHO, The Coronavirus family causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS) and middle East respiratory syndrome(MERS).
HOW CORONAVIUS SPREADS.
The new virus spreads primarily through respiratory droplets, such as those generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or touching a surface where these droplets land and then touching One’s face or nose.
If one is standing 1 metre close to an infected person there is 99% possibility that this person would catch the virus especially when the person sneezes, coughs or have the habit of throwing spit when talking or laughing.
SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19.
COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.
Common symptoms include:
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- And very few would report diarrhea, nausea or a running nose.
On average, it takes about five to six days for someone to show symptoms after becoming infected. However, some people who carry the virus remain asymptomatic, meaning they do not show any symptoms.
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self- isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advise on testing and referral.
People with the above symptoms should call their doctor and seek medical attention.
HOW TO PREVENT COVID-19.
To prevent infection and slow transmission of COVID-19, do the following;
- Wash hands regularly with soap and water, use a sanitizer gel or clean hands with alcohol based hand rub.
- Maintain social distancing- keeping at least 1.8 metres (six feet) between yourself and others. Particularly if they are coughing and sneezing and avoid touching your face, eyes and mouth with unsaved hands.
- Avoid unnecessary unprotected contact with animals and be sure to thoroughly wash hands after contacts.
- Severely restrict travels from city to city.
- Catch your cough or sneeze in a tissue, bin it immediately and wash your hands or cough and sneeze into your flexed elbow.
- Refrain from smoking and other activities that weakens your lungs.
- Stay home if you feel unwell it well. Stock your home with food items that would last you a long time until the virus is cleared out or a solution is found to eliminate it.
- All these explains Social distancing, self quarantining, and self isolating.
HOW YOUR IMMUNE SYSTEM REACTS TO THE VIRUS.
People ask question, Can boosting the immune system fight the virus or prevent the virus? The short answer is NO.
The immune system is not designed to be boosted and if it were able to work in overdrive it could actually result in us becoming more unwell. However, there is numerous nutrients, vitamins and minerals that are required to support the normal functioning of your immune system. No amount if Kale or Flaxseed will stop you from catching this contagious and severe viral infection. Hand washing, social distancing and self isolation remains the only current ways we have to actively prevent the virus.
Nutrients in the range of healthy foods are needed in the biochemical pathways that are triggered as your body fights an infection.
- Eat a range of foods that contains vitamin A, B, C, D and E and the minerals iron, Zinc and selenium.
It has been found to enhance the body’s immune response and improve its defense activity, regular, habitual exercise resets the immune system. Something known as ‘immunoregulation’.
Exercise at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity a week. But take it slowly if you are not accustomed to exercising, Professor Pellegrini said. ‘ Don’t suddenly try to run a marathon thinking that you suddenly become fit and resilient’, he said. You will be more susceptible to infection.
Chronic stress however, is associated with consistently raised cortisol production which is a hormone that suppresses the immune system for infections as a result if cuts, scrapes and bites.
- MODERATE YOUR DRINKING.
Alcohol misuse can weaken your immune system, making you more vulnerable to infections. If you are drinking more than the recommended limit of 14 units per week, perhaps consider trying to cut back.
THE MOST VULNERABLE GROUP TO CONTACTING THE VIRUS.
- Certain types of cancer patients.
- Organ transplant patients.
- People with certain genetic disease.
- People with serious respiratory conditions
- People receiving certain drug treatments which suppress the immune system.
- Pregnant women with heart disease.
People with this health conditions should not go out for at least 12 weeks.
This would pass. We shouldn’t panic but do the necessary to prevent COVID-19. And if you have the virus, be positive, there are thousands of people recorded according to research that have survived this illness. You aren’t exceptional. You too would survive. And if you have any symptoms of COVID-19, You can call 911 and explain your health conditions to them or you call NCDC at 080097000010. # STAY SAFE.
THE USE OF MASK AND GLOVES IN PREVENTING COVID-19.
When you hear about face masks for COVID-19 Prevention, it’s generally of two types:
- THE SURGICAL MASK.
Surgical mask can’t protect against infection with SARS- COV-2. Not only does the mask not filter out smaller aerosol particles, but air leakage also occurs through the sides of the mask as you inhale.
- THE N95 RESPIRATOR.
N95 respirators can protect against smaller respiratory droplets, such as those containing SARS- COV-2. This won’t help prevent COVID-19 if not tightly sealed to the side if your face. People with facial hair would feel uncomfortable using this mask.
The fear of COVID-19 has resulted in Home- made mask from various materials. These masks offer a lot less protection than surgical masks or respirators. Wearing a surgical mask won’t protect you from contracting SARS-COV-2. However, it can help prevent you from spreading the virus to others.
USING SURGICAL MASKS IN THE TIME OF COVID-19.
- Only wear a surgical mask if you are currently ill with COVID-19 or you are caring for someone at home who can’t wear a mask.
- Surgical masks are disposable. Don’t reuse them.
- Always promptly discard your surgical mask in a close garbage bin after removing it.
- Clean your hands before putting your surgical mask on and taking it off.
Face masks won’t prevent you from catching the illness. Gloves are also not recommendable for preventing COVID-19. The virus sticks more to the gloves as much as you wash your hands often and not touch your face you can prevent the virus..
The best way to prevent COVID -19 still remains good personal, respiratory and hand hygiene, practicing social distancing and Being conscious of your face.